Thin layer of carbon-nano-fibers (CNFs) as catalyst support for fast mass transfer in hydrogenation of nitrite

J.K. Chinthaginjala, J.H. Bitter, Johannes Hendrik Bitter, Leonardus Lefferts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

CNF-foam ‘hairy foam’ and CNF aggregates supported Pd catalysts were studied for the reduction of aqueous nitrite solution and also compared with conventional catalysts. Relatively large Pd particle size and similar Pd particle size distribution on all the catalyst supports excludes any structure sensitive effects on reaction. Intrinsic rates over hairy foam catalysts were independent of CNF-layer thickness (8–28 μm) and Pd loading (0.5–2 wt%), demonstrating the absence of any mass transfer limitations. When compared to conventional catalysts at comparable diffusion layers, CNF based catalysts showed at least three times higher rates of nitrite conversion per mole of surface palladium (TOF). Increased TOF is due to the improved mass transfer provided by macroporous structure of the entangled CNFs, which offers low tortuosity, provides accessibility to all the active sites. The intrinsic activity of graphite and CNF-supported Pd contributes significantly to the high activity for nitrite reduction.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)24-32
Number of pages9
JournalApplied catalysis A: general
Volume383
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Structured catalysts
  • Nitrite reduction
  • IR-78063
  • Carbon nanofibers
  • METIS-267256

Cite this