We present a method for the selective two- and three-dimensional patterning of sapphire using light ion-beam implantation to generate severe lattice damage to depths exceeding 1 μm and subsequent selective wet chemical etching of the damaged regions by hot H3PO4. C-cut sapphire crystals were implanted through contact masks using ion fluences of 1×1016 to 5×1017 He+/cm2 and energies up to 400 keV. The etching process is characterized by a high selectivity and a rate of approximately 19 nm/min. Whereas an implantation that produces a continuously damaged pathway results in complete etching from the surface, sole in-depth implantation using only high-energy ions leads to under-etching of the crystalline surface layer. By a combination of these processes we have fabricated three-dimensional structures such as channels and bridges in sapphire.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Applied physics A: Materials science and processing|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
- IOMS-APD: Active Photonic Devices