Three-dimensional, time-dependent simulation of free-electron lasers

H.P. Freund, P.J.M. van der Slot*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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Minerva is a simulation code that models the interaction of electrons with an optical field inside an undulator. Minerva uses a modal expansion for the optical field and the full Newton-Lorentz force equation to track the particles through the optical and magnetic fields. To allow propagation of the optical field outside the undulator and interact with optical elements, MINERVA interfaces with the optical propagation code OPC to mode, for example, FEL oscillators. As there exists a large variety of FELs ranging from long-wavelength oscillators to soft and hard X-ray FELs that are either seeded or starting from noise, a simulation code, such as Minerva, should be capable of modelling this huge variety of FEL configurations. Here we present a validation of the Minerva code against experimental data for various FEL configurations, ranging from long wavelength FEL oscillators to hard X-ray SASE FEL.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFEL 2015
Subtitle of host publication37th International Free Electron Laser Conference, Daejeon, Korea, 23-28 August 2015
Place of PublicationGeneva
PublisherJoint Accelerator Conferences Website
ISBN (Print)978-95450-134-2
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2015
Event37th International Free Electron Laser Conference, FEL 2015 - Daejeon Convention Center, Daejeon, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 23 Aug 201528 Aug 2015
Conference number: 37


Conference37th International Free Electron Laser Conference, FEL 2015
Abbreviated titleFEL
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of


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