Three-site mechanism and molecular weight: Time dependency in liquid propylene batch polymerization using a MgCl2-supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst

Fumihiko Shimizu, J.T.M. Pater, G. Weickert

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

    13 Citations (Scopus)


    This article demonstrates that the molecular weight of propylene homopolymer decreases with time, and that the molecular weight distribution (MWD) narrows when a highly active MgCl2-supported catalyst is used in a liquid pool polymerization at constant H2 concentration and temperature. To track the change in molecular weight and its distribution during polymerization, small portions of homo polymer samples were taken during the reaction. These samples were analyzed by Cross Fractionation Chromatograph (CFC), and the resulting data were treated with a three-site model. These analyses clearly showed that the high molecular weight fraction of the distribution decreases as a function of time. At the same time, the MWD narrows because the weight-average molecular weight decreases faster than the number-average molecular weight. A probable mechanism based on the reaction of an external donor with AlEt3 is proposed to explain these phenomena.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)1035-1047
    JournalJournal of applied polymer science
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


    • MgCl2-supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst
    • IR-59718
    • liquid pool propylene polymerization
    • three-site model
    • time dependency
    • Molecular weight

    Cite this