The objective of this study was to demonstrate the 3-year outcome of the covered endovascular reconstruction of the aortic bifurcation (CERAB) technique for the treatment of extensive aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD).
Between February 2009 and July 2016, all patients treated with the CERAB technique for AIOD were identified in the local databases of two centers and analyzed. Demographics and lesion characteristics were scored. Follow-up consisted of clinical assessment, duplex ultrasound, and ankle-brachial indices. Patency rates and clinically driven target lesion revascularization were calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis.
Of 130 patients (69 male and 61 female) treated, 68% were diagnosed with intermittent claudication and 32% suffered from critical limb ischemia. The majority (89%) were TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II D lesions, and the remaining were B and C lesions (both 5%). Median follow-up was 24 months (range, 0-67 months). The technical success rate was 97%, and 67% of cases were performed completely percutaneously. The ankle-brachial index improved significantly from 0.65 ± 0.22 preoperatively to 0.88 ± 0.15 after the procedure. The 30-day minor and major complication rate was 33% and 7%. The median hospital stay was 2 days (range, 1-76 days). At 1 year and 3 years of follow-up, 94% and 96% of the patients clinically improved at least one Rutherford category (2% and 0% unchanged, 4% and 4% worsened). Limb salvage rate was 98% at 1 year and 97% at 3 years of follow-up. Primary, primary assisted, and secondary patency was 86%, 91%, and 97% at 1 year; 84%, 89%, and 97% at 2 years; and 82%, 87%, and 97% at 3 years. Freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization was 87% at 1-year follow-up and 86% at both 2-year and 3-year follow-up.
The CERAB technique is a safe and feasible technique for the treatment of extensive AIOD with good 3-year results regarding patency and clinical improvement.