Tidal-induced large-scale regular bed form patterns in a three-dimensional shallow water model

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Abstract

The three-dimensional model presented in this paper is used to study how tidal currents form wave-like bottom patterns. Inclusion of vertical flow structure turns out to be necessary to describe the formation, or absence, of all known large-scale regular bottom features. The tide and topography are treated as a coupled system, and the potential free instabilities in this system are investigated. A linear stability analysis is used to study the dynamics of bed forms. This yields information on the role of physical mechanisms; such information cannot be obtained by direct numerical nonlinear simulation. The basic state represents a horizontal elliptical flow, veering in vertical direction, over a flat bottom. It is shown that in such a system, modes can grow which have characteristics of both tidal sand banks and sand waves. The model predictions are compared with observations and show good agreement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20727-20744
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of geophysical research : Oceans
Volume101
Issue numberC9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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bedform
shallow water
sand wave
flow structure
tidal current
stability analysis
tide
topography
sand
prediction
simulation

Keywords

  • METIS-124102
  • IR-20516

Cite this

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title = "Tidal-induced large-scale regular bed form patterns in a three-dimensional shallow water model",
abstract = "The three-dimensional model presented in this paper is used to study how tidal currents form wave-like bottom patterns. Inclusion of vertical flow structure turns out to be necessary to describe the formation, or absence, of all known large-scale regular bottom features. The tide and topography are treated as a coupled system, and the potential free instabilities in this system are investigated. A linear stability analysis is used to study the dynamics of bed forms. This yields information on the role of physical mechanisms; such information cannot be obtained by direct numerical nonlinear simulation. The basic state represents a horizontal elliptical flow, veering in vertical direction, over a flat bottom. It is shown that in such a system, modes can grow which have characteristics of both tidal sand banks and sand waves. The model predictions are compared with observations and show good agreement.",
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}

Tidal-induced large-scale regular bed form patterns in a three-dimensional shallow water model. / Hulscher, Suzanne J.M.H.

In: Journal of geophysical research : Oceans, Vol. 101, No. C9, 1996, p. 20727-20744.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Hulscher, Suzanne J.M.H.

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AB - The three-dimensional model presented in this paper is used to study how tidal currents form wave-like bottom patterns. Inclusion of vertical flow structure turns out to be necessary to describe the formation, or absence, of all known large-scale regular bottom features. The tide and topography are treated as a coupled system, and the potential free instabilities in this system are investigated. A linear stability analysis is used to study the dynamics of bed forms. This yields information on the role of physical mechanisms; such information cannot be obtained by direct numerical nonlinear simulation. The basic state represents a horizontal elliptical flow, veering in vertical direction, over a flat bottom. It is shown that in such a system, modes can grow which have characteristics of both tidal sand banks and sand waves. The model predictions are compared with observations and show good agreement.

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