Ghrelin is a hormone, initially described as a gastric peptide stimulating appetite and growth hormone secretion, which also has an important role in the regulation of many other processes, including higher brain functions. Ghrelin has been described in situ in different parts of the brain, but so far there has been no data about its expression in cell cultures. Therefore, we aimed in this study to investigate the levels of ghrelin in dissociated cortical neurons at various times in culture. We applied the ABC immunocytochemical method for the detection of ghrelin in one-day-, one-week-, and two-week-old cultures. Our results clearly show that at the early stages after plating the cultures 86.2% (± 8.93) of the neurons are ghrelin-positive and their number decreases during the culturing period. As ghrelin is present in the majority of cultured newborn neurons, when the neuronal differentiation and network formation take place, it may also influence the early synaptic formation and cell-to-cell interactions, which are both very important for network functions like learning and memory.
- dissociated neuronal cultures
- Ghrelin expression
- BSS-Neurotechnology and cellular engineering