To What Extent Can Motor Imagery Replace Motor Execution While Learning a Fine Motor Skill?

Jagna Sobierajewicz, Sylwia Szarkiewicz, Anna Prekoracka-Krawczyk, Wojciech Jaśkowski, Rob van der Lubbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Motor imagery is generally thought to share common mechanisms with motor execution. In the present study, we examined to what extent learning a fine motor skill by motor imagery may substitute physical practice. Learning effects were assessed by manipulating the proportion of motor execution and motor imagery trials. Additionally, learning effects were compared between participants with an explicit motor imagery instruction and a control group. A Go/NoGo discrete sequence production (DSP) task was employed, wherein a five-stimulus sequence presented on each trial indicated the required sequence of finger movements after a Go signal. In the case of a NoGo signal, participants either had to imagine carrying out the response sequence (the motor imagery group), or the response sequence had to be withheld (the control group). Two practice days were followed by a final test day on which all sequences had to be executed. Learning effects were assessed by computing response times (RTs) and the percentages of correct responses (PCs). The electroencephalogram (EEG) was additionally measured on this test day to examine whether motor preparation and the involvement of visual short term memory (VSTM) depended on the amount of physical/mental practice. Accuracy data indicated strong learning effects. However, a substantial amount of physical practice was required to reach an optimal speed. EEG results suggest the involvement of VSTM for sequences that had less or no physical practice in both groups. The absence of differences between the motor imagery and the control group underlines the possibility that motor preparation may actually resemble motor imagery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-191
JournalAdvances in cognitive psychology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • IR-102675
  • METIS-319787
  • Motor imagery
  • Fine motor skill
  • Learning
  • Motor execution
  • Motor preparation
  • DSP task
  • EEG

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'To What Extent Can Motor Imagery Replace Motor Execution While Learning a Fine Motor Skill?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this