Toll roads can be implemented to influence users’ travel behaviour and reduce congestion. In Indonesia, a toll is commonly implemented on major highways as a way to fund the construction. Regardless of their objective, toll roads can have a variety of effects. This thesis provides empirical evidence that a toll road can have direct and indirect effects and that these effects are distributed unevenly across geographic regions and individuals.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||19 Jun 2019|
|Place of Publication||Enschede|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Jun 2019|
- Toll roads
- Choice model