Tools and techniques for product design

Diederick Lutters, Fred J.A.M. Houten, Alain Bernard, Emmanuel Mermoz, Corné S.L. Schutte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)
63 Downloads (Pure)


For product designers, tools and techniques are essential in driving the design cycle. Nevertheless, their employment usually is implicit, while passing over e.g. the design and project environments empowering their adequate use. This publication presents an overview of approaches in structuring and using tools/techniques, based on the effectuation of creativity and decision-making in the design environment. In elaborating on characteristics of tools/techniques and ensuing ways of selecting them, the designer's portfolio of tools/techniques is characterised. Representative problems of tool/technique usage are depicted and contextualised by illustrating their industrial application. Prospects for future developments are also reviewed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-630
JournalCIRP annals : manufacturing technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Product design
  • Tools
  • Techniques


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