In this report we give a brief introduction on the occurrence of topologically protected one-dimensional electronic states in group IV two-dimensional graphene-like materials. We discuss the effect of spin-orbit coupling on the electronic band structure and show that these materials are potential candidates to exhibit the quantum spin Hall effect. The quantum spin Hall effect is characterized by a gapped interior and metallic counter-propagating spin-polarized topologically protected edges states. We also elaborate on the electric-field induced formation of a hexagonal network of one-dimensional topologically protected electronic states in small-angle twisted bilayer graphene.
|Publication status||Published - 7 Sep 2021|