Total Cost of Ownership of Real-Time Locating System (RTLS) Technologies in Factories

B. Patrick Sullivan*, Poorya Ghafoorpoor Yazdi, Sebastian Thiede

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

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Real-Time Locating Systems (RTLS) have become an important supporting technology in manufacturing due to safety, logistical and managerial concerns. RTLS is a very wide term covering many different specific technologies. To increase the potential for implementation and better anticipate the costs associated, four different RTLS technologies have been evaluated according use case characteristics, maintenance costs, communication requirements. Data server capabilities, scalability, and integrability. The ability to analyze and determine such criteria are vital to support the selection of a specific technology (or mix of technologies) within manufacturing. The paper offers researchers and managers a reference comparison of the total costs surrounding the ownership of Ultra-wide band (UWB), Bluetooth Low Energy, Ultrasonic, and Optical RTLS technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-827
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia CIRP
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event56th CIRP International Conference on Manufacturing Systems, CIRP CMS 2023 - Cape Town, South Africa
Duration: 24 Oct 202326 Oct 2023
Conference number: 56


  • Indoor Wireless Positioning
  • Real-Time Locating System
  • RTLS
  • Total Cost of Ownership


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