Toward 100% sustainable energy production and a structural decrease in energy demand: Curaçao, as a case study of small island developing states

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

Abstract

The exploitation of fossil fuels is generally considered to be the largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, fossil fuels are also considered as a finite source of energy. Electricity production in Small Island Development States (SIDS) remains heavily dependent on imported fossil fuels. In 2009, 98% of the electricity supplied in the Caribbean SIDS was produced from fossil fuels.

The island of Curaçao can be considered as unusual among SIDS in that it already uses significant renewable energy sources. In contrast to most countries in the world, approximately 34% of the current electricity production in Curaçao is generated by wind and solar energy.

A specific task for the electricity production company in Curaçao will be to replace more than half of its current non-renewable energy plants in the coming decade as they come to the end of their useful life. This necessary replacement can be seen as an opportunity to investigate the possibilities to further increase the renewable energy contribution on the island of Curaçao. This would lead to greater self-sufficiency and a substantial decrease in imported fossil fuels. The aim of this PhD research has been to create a better understanding of the possibilities for SIDS in general, and Curaçao in particular, to realize a significant sustainable energy production and also a structural decrease in energy demand.

Consequently, the main research question set and answered in this PhD thesis is:
How to improve energy efficiency in Curaçao and realize a 100% renewable energy production system for Curaçao?

Implementation of the findings and suggested approaches included in this PhD thesis will change Curaçao, by 2033, into an island whose electricity plants are based on a fully sustainable energy production system. In addition, implementing the proposed roadmap to achieve a sustainable energy production system in Curaçao will reduce CO2 emissions by approximately 92%.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Halman, Johannes Innocentius Maria, Supervisor
  • Bhochhibhoya, Silu , Co-Supervisor
  • Entrop, Alexis Gerardus, Co-Supervisor
Award date11 Oct 2019
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-94-028-1721-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2019

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fossil fuel
electricity
production system
energy
self sufficiency
energy production
energy demand
energy efficiency
greenhouse gas
replacement
thesis

Cite this

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title = "Toward 100{\%} sustainable energy production and a structural decrease in energy demand: Cura{\cc}ao, as a case study of small island developing states",
abstract = "The exploitation of fossil fuels is generally considered to be the largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, fossil fuels are also considered as a finite source of energy. Electricity production in Small Island Development States (SIDS) remains heavily dependent on imported fossil fuels. In 2009, 98{\%} of the electricity supplied in the Caribbean SIDS was produced from fossil fuels. The island of Cura{\cc}ao can be considered as unusual among SIDS in that it already uses significant renewable energy sources. In contrast to most countries in the world, approximately 34{\%} of the current electricity production in Cura{\cc}ao is generated by wind and solar energy.A specific task for the electricity production company in Cura{\cc}ao will be to replace more than half of its current non-renewable energy plants in the coming decade as they come to the end of their useful life. This necessary replacement can be seen as an opportunity to investigate the possibilities to further increase the renewable energy contribution on the island of Cura{\cc}ao. This would lead to greater self-sufficiency and a substantial decrease in imported fossil fuels. The aim of this PhD research has been to create a better understanding of the possibilities for SIDS in general, and Cura{\cc}ao in particular, to realize a significant sustainable energy production and also a structural decrease in energy demand. Consequently, the main research question set and answered in this PhD thesis is:How to improve energy efficiency in Cura{\cc}ao and realize a 100{\%} renewable energy production system for Cura{\cc}ao? Implementation of the findings and suggested approaches included in this PhD thesis will change Cura{\cc}ao, by 2033, into an island whose electricity plants are based on a fully sustainable energy production system. In addition, implementing the proposed roadmap to achieve a sustainable energy production system in Cura{\cc}ao will reduce CO2 emissions by approximately 92{\%}.",
author = "Bulbaai, {Richenel Romualdo}",
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Toward 100% sustainable energy production and a structural decrease in energy demand : Curaçao, as a case study of small island developing states. / Bulbaai, Richenel Romualdo.

Enschede : University of Twente, 2019. 248 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

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N2 - The exploitation of fossil fuels is generally considered to be the largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, fossil fuels are also considered as a finite source of energy. Electricity production in Small Island Development States (SIDS) remains heavily dependent on imported fossil fuels. In 2009, 98% of the electricity supplied in the Caribbean SIDS was produced from fossil fuels. The island of Curaçao can be considered as unusual among SIDS in that it already uses significant renewable energy sources. In contrast to most countries in the world, approximately 34% of the current electricity production in Curaçao is generated by wind and solar energy.A specific task for the electricity production company in Curaçao will be to replace more than half of its current non-renewable energy plants in the coming decade as they come to the end of their useful life. This necessary replacement can be seen as an opportunity to investigate the possibilities to further increase the renewable energy contribution on the island of Curaçao. This would lead to greater self-sufficiency and a substantial decrease in imported fossil fuels. The aim of this PhD research has been to create a better understanding of the possibilities for SIDS in general, and Curaçao in particular, to realize a significant sustainable energy production and also a structural decrease in energy demand. Consequently, the main research question set and answered in this PhD thesis is:How to improve energy efficiency in Curaçao and realize a 100% renewable energy production system for Curaçao? Implementation of the findings and suggested approaches included in this PhD thesis will change Curaçao, by 2033, into an island whose electricity plants are based on a fully sustainable energy production system. In addition, implementing the proposed roadmap to achieve a sustainable energy production system in Curaçao will reduce CO2 emissions by approximately 92%.

AB - The exploitation of fossil fuels is generally considered to be the largest source of global greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, fossil fuels are also considered as a finite source of energy. Electricity production in Small Island Development States (SIDS) remains heavily dependent on imported fossil fuels. In 2009, 98% of the electricity supplied in the Caribbean SIDS was produced from fossil fuels. The island of Curaçao can be considered as unusual among SIDS in that it already uses significant renewable energy sources. In contrast to most countries in the world, approximately 34% of the current electricity production in Curaçao is generated by wind and solar energy.A specific task for the electricity production company in Curaçao will be to replace more than half of its current non-renewable energy plants in the coming decade as they come to the end of their useful life. This necessary replacement can be seen as an opportunity to investigate the possibilities to further increase the renewable energy contribution on the island of Curaçao. This would lead to greater self-sufficiency and a substantial decrease in imported fossil fuels. The aim of this PhD research has been to create a better understanding of the possibilities for SIDS in general, and Curaçao in particular, to realize a significant sustainable energy production and also a structural decrease in energy demand. Consequently, the main research question set and answered in this PhD thesis is:How to improve energy efficiency in Curaçao and realize a 100% renewable energy production system for Curaçao? Implementation of the findings and suggested approaches included in this PhD thesis will change Curaçao, by 2033, into an island whose electricity plants are based on a fully sustainable energy production system. In addition, implementing the proposed roadmap to achieve a sustainable energy production system in Curaçao will reduce CO2 emissions by approximately 92%.

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