Toward 3D Printing of Pure Metals by Laser-Induced Forward Transfer

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3D printing of common metals is highly challenging because metals are generally solid at room conditions. Copper and gold pillars are manufactured with a resolution below 5 μm and a height up to 2 mm, using laser-induced forward transfer to create and eject liquid metal droplets. The solidified drop's shape is crucial for 3D printing and is discussed as a function of the laser energy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4087-4092
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced materials
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015


  • METIS-310562
  • IR-95966


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