Towards Decision Support in Dynamic Bi-Objective Vehicle Routing

Jakob Bossek, Christian Grimme, Gunter Rudolph, Heike Trautmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


We consider a dynamic bi-objective vehicle routing problem, where a subset of customers ask for service over time. Therein, the distance traveled by a single vehicle and the number of unserved dynamic requests is minimized by a dynamic evolutionary multi-objective algorithm (DEMOA), which operates on discrete time windows (eras). A decision is made at each era by a decision-maker, thus any decision depends on irreversible decisions made in foregoing eras. To understand effects of sequences of decision-making and interactions/dependencies between decisions made, we conduct a series of experiments. More precisely, we fix a set of decision-maker preferences D and the number of eras nt and analyze all |D|^{n_{t}} combinations of decision-maker options. We find that for random uniform instances (a) the final selected solutions mainly depend on the final decision and not on the decision history, (b) solutions are quite robust with respect to the number of unvisited dynamic customers, and (c) solutions of the dynamic approach can even dominate solutions obtained by a clairvoyant EMOA. In contrast, for instances with clustered customers, we observe a strong dependency on decision-making history as well as more variance in solution diversity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC)
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-6929-3
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-6930-9
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2020 - Virtual Event
Duration: 19 Jul 202024 Jul 2020


ConferenceIEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2020
Abbreviated titleCEC 2020
CityVirtual Event


  • Combinatorial optimization
  • Decision making
  • Dynamic optimization
  • Multi-objective optimization
  • Orienteering
  • Transportation
  • Vehicle routing
  • n/a OA procedure


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