Towards happiness interventions: construct clarification and intervention methodologies

L.E. van Zyl, S. Rothmann Sr.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The aim of this study was to investigate the main streams of research on happiness, the approaches/models flowing from these philosophies and the methodology of happiness interventions. A systematic review was performed outlining the authors, the purpose of the research, the nature of the sample/setting, the method utilised and the key findings. Peer-reviewed articles published between 1950 and 2013, written in English/Afrikaans, and which examined the concepts of happiness were analysed. The results showed three causes for failing interventions: (a) unidimensional models/ approaches towards happiness, (b) targeting the concept of happiness instead of mediating factors; and (c) fragmented methodological interventions. The results support the need for a multidimensional model of happiness. Interventions focusing on psychological processes and utilising multi-facet methodologies should be developed and implemented to promote happiness. This study contributes to the existing literature by providing an integrative framework for positive psychological interventions directed at happiness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-341
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of psychology in Africa
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • positive psychological interventions
  • flourishing
  • intervention methodology
  • happiness


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