Towards integration of LADM and CityGML for the cadastral system of Turkey

Hicret Gursoy Surmeneli, M.N. Koeva, J.A. Zevenbergen, M. Alkan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
142 Downloads (Pure)


With the rapid urbanization and the dynamics in land transactions, Turkish cadastre, as in many other countries, is facing challenges in the daily recording of sales, donations, taxations, and mortgages on land. Especially with the modern constructions and complex interrelationships of rights, restrictions, and responsibilities (RRR), the third dimension should not be forgotten. In this context, the design of a new cadastre data model for Turkey is essential. Inspired by this need, with this study, we aim in proposing a new cadastre model based on international standards such as Land Administration Data Model (LADM) and CityGML. LADM represents the legal and administrative aspects of the cadastral objects but does not show the semantic and 3D geometrical representation of physical cadastral objects which are required for the process of 3D cadastre. Therefore, in the paper, we propose an Application Domain Extension (ADE) for the cadastral objects that expands the integration of LADM and CityGML data model with the legal and administrative concepts defined in the Turkish Law. The study presents a detailed overview of the Turkish legal cadastre system and a proposal for its physical realization based on international standards. In addition, the developed ADE is also valuable for cadastral services undertaken by the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre (GDLRC). It could also be used as a basis of a 3D national data standard for cadastral information systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationXXIV ISPRS Congress
EditorsN. Paparoditis, C. Mallet, F. Lafarge, S. Zlatanova, S. Dragicevic, G. Sithole, G. Agugiaro, J.J. Arsanjani, P. Boguslawski, M. Breunig, A. Brovelli, S. Christophe, A. Coltekin, M.R. Delavar, M. Al Doori, E. Guilbert, C.C. Fonte, J. Haworth, U. Isikdag, I. Ivanova, Z. Kang, K. Khoshelham, M. Koeva, M. Kokla, Y. Liu, M. Madden, M.A. Mostafavi, G. Navratil, D.R. Paudyal, C. Pettit, A. Spanò, E. Stefanakis, W. Tu, G. Vacca, L. Díaz-Vilariño, S. Wise, H. Wu, X.G. Zhou
PublisherInternational Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS)
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2020
EventXXIVth ISPRS Congress 2020 - Virtual Event, Nice, France
Duration: 4 Jul 202010 Jul 2020
Conference number: 24


ConferenceXXIVth ISPRS Congress 2020
Abbreviated titleISPRS 2020
Internet address


  • LADM
  • CityGML
  • 3D Cadastre
  • 3D City Modelling
  • 3D Data Model


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