Towards the fabrication of La0.98−xSrxCo0.2Fe0.8O3−δ perovskite-type oxygen transport membranes

F. Schulze-Küppers, S. Baumann, F. Tietz, Henricus J.M. Bouwmeester, W.A. Meulenberg

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La0.98−xSrxCo0.2Fe0.8O3−δ (LSCF) is a candidate material for use as an oxygen transport membrane (OTM). In this work, fabrication-relevant properties (sinteringbehaviour, thermal and chemical expansion) of LSCF (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) were investigated in order to select the preferred composition for fabricating a thin-film supported membrane able to withstand the thermochemical stresses encountered during manufacturing and operation with simultaneously high oxygen permeation flux. Partial substitution of La by Sr ions in LSCF is beneficial for increasing the oxygen permeation rate, but it causes drawbacks regarding manufacturing and operation. A Sr content of x ≥ 0.6 results in a swelling of the material during sintering, which complicates the manufacturing of thin, leak-free membranes. This swelling is related to oxygen release during heating, combined with the formation of a liquid phase above 1200 ◦C. Furthermore, an increase in total strain with Sr content is observed. This is caused by the chemical expansion, while there is no significant change in thermal expansion with increasing Sr content. The compositions x = 0.4 and x = 0.6 showed tolerable expansion coefficients as well as adequate sintering behaviour and were therefore selected for the fabrication of thin supported membranes. These supported membranes with a thickness of 30 m were manufactured by sequential tape casting and characterised regarding microstructure and oxygen flux.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3741-3748
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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