Towards the normalization of cybercrime victimization: A routine activities analysis of cybercrime in europe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the relationships between users' routine activities and socio-economic characteristics and three forms of cybercrime victimization of 1) online shopping fraud, 2) online banking fraud and 3) cyber-attacks (i.e. DDoS attacks). Data from the Eurobarometer, containing a sample of 17,811 online European citizens was analyzed. The results generally support the Routine Activities Theory. There were few differences by sex. Younger respondents were more at risk of online purchase fraud, but older respondents more of online banking fraud. Few economic characteristics were related to victimization. The three forms of victimization were interrelated relatively strongly. The characteristic of victims of online crime differ from those of traditional crime. We propose that digitalization leads to a `normalization of victims' of cybercrime.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA)
PublisherIEEE
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-5060-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-5061-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2017
Event2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment - De Vere Grand Connaught Rooms, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 19 Jun 201720 Jun 2017
https://www.ieee-ukandireland.org/event/international-conference-on-cyber-situational-awareness-data-analytics-and-assessment-cyber-sa-2017/

Conference

Conference2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment
Abbreviated titleCyberSA 2017
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period19/06/1720/06/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

fraud
normalization
victimization
banking
offense
Eurobarometer
digitalization
purchase
economics
citizen

Cite this

Junger, M., Montoya, L., Hartel, P. H., & Heydari, M. (2017). Towards the normalization of cybercrime victimization: A routine activities analysis of cybercrime in europe. In 2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA) IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CyberSA.2017.8073391
Junger, Marianne ; Montoya, L. ; Hartel, Pieter H. ; Heydari, Maliheh. / Towards the normalization of cybercrime victimization : A routine activities analysis of cybercrime in europe. 2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA). IEEE, 2017.
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title = "Towards the normalization of cybercrime victimization: A routine activities analysis of cybercrime in europe",
abstract = "This study investigates the relationships between users' routine activities and socio-economic characteristics and three forms of cybercrime victimization of 1) online shopping fraud, 2) online banking fraud and 3) cyber-attacks (i.e. DDoS attacks). Data from the Eurobarometer, containing a sample of 17,811 online European citizens was analyzed. The results generally support the Routine Activities Theory. There were few differences by sex. Younger respondents were more at risk of online purchase fraud, but older respondents more of online banking fraud. Few economic characteristics were related to victimization. The three forms of victimization were interrelated relatively strongly. The characteristic of victims of online crime differ from those of traditional crime. We propose that digitalization leads to a `normalization of victims' of cybercrime.",
author = "Marianne Junger and L. Montoya and Hartel, {Pieter H.} and Maliheh Heydari",
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Junger, M, Montoya, L, Hartel, PH & Heydari, M 2017, Towards the normalization of cybercrime victimization: A routine activities analysis of cybercrime in europe. in 2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA). IEEE, 2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment, London, United Kingdom, 19/06/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/CyberSA.2017.8073391

Towards the normalization of cybercrime victimization : A routine activities analysis of cybercrime in europe. / Junger, Marianne ; Montoya, L.; Hartel, Pieter H.; Heydari, Maliheh.

2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA). IEEE, 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Towards the normalization of cybercrime victimization

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AU - Junger, Marianne

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N2 - This study investigates the relationships between users' routine activities and socio-economic characteristics and three forms of cybercrime victimization of 1) online shopping fraud, 2) online banking fraud and 3) cyber-attacks (i.e. DDoS attacks). Data from the Eurobarometer, containing a sample of 17,811 online European citizens was analyzed. The results generally support the Routine Activities Theory. There were few differences by sex. Younger respondents were more at risk of online purchase fraud, but older respondents more of online banking fraud. Few economic characteristics were related to victimization. The three forms of victimization were interrelated relatively strongly. The characteristic of victims of online crime differ from those of traditional crime. We propose that digitalization leads to a `normalization of victims' of cybercrime.

AB - This study investigates the relationships between users' routine activities and socio-economic characteristics and three forms of cybercrime victimization of 1) online shopping fraud, 2) online banking fraud and 3) cyber-attacks (i.e. DDoS attacks). Data from the Eurobarometer, containing a sample of 17,811 online European citizens was analyzed. The results generally support the Routine Activities Theory. There were few differences by sex. Younger respondents were more at risk of online purchase fraud, but older respondents more of online banking fraud. Few economic characteristics were related to victimization. The three forms of victimization were interrelated relatively strongly. The characteristic of victims of online crime differ from those of traditional crime. We propose that digitalization leads to a `normalization of victims' of cybercrime.

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Junger M, Montoya L, Hartel PH, Heydari M. Towards the normalization of cybercrime victimization: A routine activities analysis of cybercrime in europe. In 2017 International Conference On Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA). IEEE. 2017 https://doi.org/10.1109/CyberSA.2017.8073391