Trailing-edge far-field noise and noise source characterization in high inflow turbulence conditions

Laura Botero-Bolívar*, Fernanda L. dos Santos, Cornelis H. Venner, Leandro D. de Santana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Airframe noise currently is a bottle neck in various applications, e.g., wind energy, maritime applications, and aircraft. Airframe noise is significantly increased by the presence of inflow turbulence. High inflow turbulence influences the boundary layer and wall-pressure fluctuations close to the trailing edge of airfoils. In this research, measurements of boundary layer and wall-pressure fluctuations near the trailing edge of an airfoil are conducted to investigate how the inflow turbulence affects the trailing-edge noise generation mechanism. Far-field noise measurements of additional three airfoils are shown to understand the role of the airfoil geometry in the dominant noise source for the cases of inflow turbulence and to generalize the observed increase in trailing-edge noise. Inflow turbulence leads to an increase in both the wall-pressure spectrum and spanwise correlation length. Trailing-edge noise increases due to the inflow turbulence in the entire frequency range at least 2 dB up to more than 15 dB for all the cases. The contribution of leading- and trailing-edge noise to the total noise varies with the airfoil geometry and inflow velocity, with the trailing-edge noise dominating in a larger frequency range for the thickest airfoil and for lower velocities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-816
Number of pages14
JournalThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2024


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