Trajectory modelling in shared spaces: Expert-based vs. deep learning approach?

Hao Cheng*, Fatema T Johora, Monika Sester, Jörg P Müller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Realistically modelling behaviour and interaction of heterogeneous road users (pedestrians and vehicles) in mixed-traffic zones (a.k.a. shared spaces) is challenging. The dynamic nature of the environment, heterogeneity of transport modes, and the absence of classical traffic rules make realistic microscopic traffic simulation hard problems. Existing multi-agent-based simulations of shared spaces largely use an expert-based approach, combining a symbolic (e.g. rule-based) modelling and reasoning paradigm (e.g. using BDI representations of beliefs and plans) with the hand-crafted encoding of the actual decision logic. More recently, deep learning (DL) models are largely used to derive and predict trajectories based on e.g. video data. In-depth studies comparing these two kinds of approaches are missing. In this work, we propose an expert-based model called GSFM that combines Social Force Model and Game theory and a DL model called LSTM-DBSCAN that manipulates Long Short-Term Memories and density-based clustering for multi-agent trajectory prediction. We create a common framework to run these two models in parallel to guarantee a fair comparison. Real-world mixed traffic data from shared spaces of different layout are used to calibrate/train and evaluate the models. The empirical results imply that both models can generate realistic predictions, but they differ in the way of handling collisions and mimicking heterogeneous behaviour. Via a thorough study, we draw the conclusion of their respective strengths and weaknesses
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMulti-Agent-Based Simulation XXI
Subtitle of host publication21st International Workshop, MABS 2020, Auckland, New Zealand, May 10, 2020, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsS. Swarup, B.T.R. Savarimuthu
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-66888-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-66887-7
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event21st International Workshop on Multi-Agent-Based Simulation, MABS 2020 - Virtual, Auckland, New Zealand
Duration: 10 May 202010 May 2020
Conference number: 21

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference21st International Workshop on Multi-Agent-Based Simulation, MABS 2020
Abbreviated titleMABS
Country/TerritoryNew Zealand


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