Transient osteoporosis of the hip, also termed transient bone marrow edema, is a painful condition often occurring after trivial trauma. It can be diagnosed with MRI in patients whose radiographs are negative or inconclusive. In this case report we describe a 39-year-old female patient with this rare entity, who was successfully treated with oral Alendronate, active vitamin D and calcium supplementation combined with avoiding of weight bearing on the affected hip. She improved clinically within three months and on contrast enhanced MRI studies, as performed before and after treatment, complete regression of bone marrow edema was shown already after three months of treatment. The literature was reviewed regarding the pathophysiology of transient osteoporosis of the hip and the beneficial effects of Alendronate in this domain. The report is important because it will increase the awareness among clinicians and radiologists about this entity, as in neglected cases transient regional osteoporosis of the hip may progress to avascular necrosis with complete loss of hip function.