Travelling waves in models of neural tissue: from localised structures to periodic waves

Hil Gaétan Ellart Meijer, Stephen Coombes

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    Abstract

    We consider travelling waves (fronts, pulses and periodics) in spatially extended one dimensional neural field models. We demonstrate for an excitatory field with linear adaptation that, in addition to an expected stable pulse solution, a stable anti-pulse can exist. Varying the adaptation strength we unravel the organizing centers of the bifurcation diagram for fronts and pulses, with a mixture of exact analysis for a Heaviside firing rate function and novel numerical schemes otherwise. These schemes, for non-local models with space-dependent delays, further allow for the construction and continuation of periodic waves. We use them to construct the dispersion curve - wave speed as a function of period - and find that they can be oscillatory and multi-valued, suggesting bistability of periodic waves. A kinematic theory predicts the onset of wave instabilities at stationary points in the dispersion curve, leading to period doubling behaviour, and is confirmed with direct numerical simulations. We end with a discussion of how the construction of dispersion curves may allow a useful classification scheme of neural field models for epileptic waves.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)1-18
    Number of pages18
    JournalEPJ nonlinear biomedical physics
    Volume2
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2014

    Keywords

    • EWI-24595
    • PACS-87.19.le
    • PACS-87.19.lf
    • PACS-87.19.lj
    • PACS-87.19.lq
    • Anti-pulse
    • Dispersion curve
    • Numerical continuation
    • METIS-304031
    • IR-90234
    • Brain wave equation
    • Neural field theory

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