METHODS: All patients receiving circulatory ECLS between 2007 and 2018 were retrospectively identified and divided into six groups according to a 2-year period of time corresponding to the date of ECLS initiation. General characteristics plus data pertaining to comorbidities, indications and technical details of ECLS commencement as well as in-hospital, 30-day, 1‑year and overall mortality were collected. Temporal trends in these characteristics were examined.
RESULTS: A total of 347 circulatory ECLS runs were performed in 289 patients. The number of patients and ECLS runs increased from 8 till a maximum of 40 runs a year. The distribution of circulatory ECLS indications shifted from predominantly postcardiotomy to a wider set of indications. The proportion of peripheral insertions with or without application of left ventricular unloading techniques substantially increased, while in-hospital, 30-day, 1‑year and overall mortality decreased over time.
CONCLUSION: Circulatory ECLS was increasingly applied at the University Medical Centre Utrecht. Over time, indications as well as treatment goals broadened, and cannulation techniques shifted from central to mainly peripheral approaches. Meanwhile, weaning success increased and mortality rates diminished.
- Cardiogenic shock
- Extracorporeal life support