Two- and three-dimensional connectivity and current distribution in YBa2Cu3Ox-coated conductors

D.C. van der Laan, Marc M.J. Dhalle, H.J.N. van Eck, H.J.N. van Eck, A. Metz, Bernard ten Haken, Herman H.J. ten Kate, L.M. Naveira, M.W. Davidson, J. Schwartz

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The microstructure of YBa2Cu3Ox sYBCOd-coated conductors depends strongly on the deposition method and thickness of the YBCO layer. This letter shows how the clear qualitative difference in grain connectivity between vacuum-deposited and solution-grown layers has direct consequences for the spatial distribution of the critical current density sJcd. Pulsed-laser-deposited YBCO conductors usually have a columnar grain structure that results in a two-dimensional current network, as demonstrated with magneto-optical imaging. Consequently, their transport Jc varies considerably on length scales from 50 mm up to 5 mm, with current suppression occurring even at defects that run parallel to the macroscopic current. In contrast, the thicker YBCO coatings in metalorganic-deposited samples have a layered structure, leading to a three-dimensional current path. Magneto-optically, this is deduced from sample-wide shielding currents, while transport experiments reveal much smaller spatial variations in Jc. These results are encouraging for the further development of nonvacuum produced YBCO-coated conductors, since such three-dimensional systems are inherently more “forgiving” of local defects.
Original languageUndefined
Article number325121
Pages (from-to)-
JournalApplied physics letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • METIS-225773
  • IR-98061

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