Two-octave spanning supercontinuum generation in stoichiometric silicon nitride waveguides pumped at telecom wavelengths

M.A. Garcia Porcel, F. Schepers, J.P. Epping, T. Hellwig, M. Hoekman, Rene Heideman, Petrus J.M. van der Slot, Christopher James Lee, R. Schmidt, R. Bratschitsch, Carsten Fallnich, Klaus J. Boller

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Abstract

We demonstrate supercontinuum generation in stoichiometric silicon nitride (Si3N4 in SiO2) integrated optical waveguides, pumped at telecommunication wavelengths. The pump laser is a mode-locked erbium fiber laser at a wavelength of 1.56 µm with a pulse duration of 120 fs. With a waveguide-internal pulse energy of 1.4 nJ and a waveguide with 1.0 µm × 0.9 µm cross section, designed for anomalous dispersion across the 1500 nm telecommunication range, the output spectrum extends from the visible, at around 526 nm, up to the mid-infrared, at least to 2.6 µm, the instrumental limit of our detection. This output spans more than 2.2 octaves (454 THz at the −30 dB level). The measured output spectra agree well with theoretical modeling based on the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation. The infrared part of the supercontinuum spectra shifts progressively towards the mid-infrared, well beyond 2.6 µm, by increasing the width of the waveguides.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1542-1554
JournalOptics express
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • METIS-321013
  • IR-103079

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