Two Parameter Workload Characterization for Improved Dataflow Analysis Accuracy

J.P.H.M. Hausmans, S.J. Geuns, M.H. Wiggers, Marco Jan Gerrit Bekooij

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    Abstract

    Real-time stream processing applications, such as radios, can often be modeled intuitively with dataflow models. Given the Worst-Case Execution Times (WCETs) of the tasks, which characterizes workload with one parameter, dataflow analysis techniques have been used to compute the minimum throughput and maximum latency of these applications. However, a large difference between the WCETs of the tasks and their average execution times can result in a large difference between the computed worst-case throughput and the actual obtained throughput. To reduce the difference between the worst-case throughput, determined by analysis, and the actual obtained throughput, we introduce in this paper a two parameter (σ,Ͽ) workload characterization of the tasks to improve the accuracy of dataflow analysis. The (σ, Ͽ) workload characterization captures information on the maximum cumulative execution time of consecutive executions of a task and can therefore be seen as a generalization of the WCET characterization. We show how the (σ,Ͽ) workload characterization can be used in combination with several types of dataflow graphs and how it can be used to improve the temporal analysis results of real-time stream processing applications. We illustrate this for a DVB-T radio application, a car-radio application and a data-dependent MP3 playback application.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2013 IEEE 19th Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium (RTAS)
    Place of PublicationWashington, DC, USA
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    Pages117-126
    Number of pages10
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-0186-9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2013

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    ISSN (Print)1080-1812

    Keywords

    • METIS-297742
    • EWI-23534
    • IR-86747

    Cite this

    Hausmans, J. P. H. M., Geuns, S. J., Wiggers, M. H., & Bekooij, M. J. G. (2013). Two Parameter Workload Characterization for Improved Dataflow Analysis Accuracy. In Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE 19th Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium (RTAS) (pp. 117-126). Washington, DC, USA: IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/RTAS.2013.6531085