Ultra-thin solenoid and cryostat development for novel detector magnets

Veronica Ilardi*, Helder Pais Da Silva, Tobias Kulenkampff, Alexey Dudarev, Patricia Borges de Sousa, Matthias Mentink, Marc Dhalle, Herman Ten Kate

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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In the scope of the Future Circular electron positron Collider study (FCC-ee), the IDEA detector is developed. It comprises a superconducting solenoid with free bore of 4 m, 6 m long and a central magnetic field of 2 T. The positioning of the magnet between the inner tracker and the electronic calorimeter heavily constrains the magnet design, as it is required to have the lowest possible radiation length, so minimum thickness and lowest density material. With respect to the classical solution of a solenoid enclosing the calorimeters, a cost reduction of about 50% is expected due to size reduction. An optimization of the different components of the magnet system has been carried out, resulting in the development of a new composite high-strength conductor that can be used to build a 30 mm thin solenoid. The quench analysis of the solenoid will be presented as it is of critical importance given the high energy density in the magnet of 21 kJ/kg. A cryostat made of concentric aluminium shells would account for about 50% of the radiation length of the magnet and most of this material is used in the outer vacuum shell of the cryostat to prevent buckling. In order to further reduce the radiation length, two fundamentally different approaches are being analysed. The first method focuses on reducing drastically the outer shell thickness. This leads to use honeycomb composites, reinforcing bars and corrugated shells for the outer shell of the cryostat. The second approach consists of supporting very thin cryostat shells directly on the solenoid cold mass using proper support. This can be achieved by replacing the thick walls and MLI insulation by a material that can sustain 1 atm while having low radiation length and low thermal conductivity. Cryogel Z has shown promising properties and its suitability for this project is being analysed. This novel approach has never been used so far for superconducting magnets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4500205
JournalIEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Issue number5
Early online date8 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Aluminum
  • Cold Mass
  • Conductors
  • Cryostat
  • Detector Magnet
  • Detectors
  • FCC
  • Metals
  • Radiation Transparent
  • Solenoids
  • Superconducting magnets
  • Superconducting Solenoid
  • Ultra-thin
  • Welding


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