Ultrafast investigations of slow light in photonic crystal structures

Rob Jacques Paul Engelen

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

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Abstract

Optical structures with dimensions down to nanometer length scales have been a topic for investigation for an increasing number of researchers, due to their intriguing physical properties and their possible new optical applications. In this thesis, waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals are investigated. Since the waveguide is embedded in a periodic medium, these waveguide can also have spectacular properties such as the ability to slow down light. For a full understanding of the intricate interaction of light and geometry - that may change on the subwavelength scale - the optical field should also be monitored on this scale. To this end, a time-resolving phase-sensitive near-field microscope was used. Using the phase-sensitive and time resolved information on the flow of light, the dispersion relation could be recovered, proving that light may slow down in photonic crystal waveguides. The degree to which light slows down is limited to the quality of the photonic crystal structure and can be controlled down to velocities of c/30. The time-resolved investigation also show the strong dispersive effects of photonic crystal waveguides and even the evolution of light pulses in composite photonic crystal devices.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Kuipers, L. (Kobus), Supervisor
Award date19 Jun 2008
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-77209-23-3
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2008

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photonics
crystal structure
waveguides
crystals
theses
near fields
physical properties
microscopes
composite materials
geometry
pulses
interactions

Keywords

  • IR-67880

Cite this

Engelen, R. J. P. (2008). Ultrafast investigations of slow light in photonic crystal structures. Enschede: University of Twente.
Engelen, Rob Jacques Paul. / Ultrafast investigations of slow light in photonic crystal structures. Enschede : University of Twente, 2008. 119 p.
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Engelen, RJP 2008, 'Ultrafast investigations of slow light in photonic crystal structures', University of Twente, Enschede.

Ultrafast investigations of slow light in photonic crystal structures. / Engelen, Rob Jacques Paul.

Enschede : University of Twente, 2008. 119 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

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T1 - Ultrafast investigations of slow light in photonic crystal structures

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PY - 2008/6/19

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N2 - Optical structures with dimensions down to nanometer length scales have been a topic for investigation for an increasing number of researchers, due to their intriguing physical properties and their possible new optical applications. In this thesis, waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals are investigated. Since the waveguide is embedded in a periodic medium, these waveguide can also have spectacular properties such as the ability to slow down light. For a full understanding of the intricate interaction of light and geometry - that may change on the subwavelength scale - the optical field should also be monitored on this scale. To this end, a time-resolving phase-sensitive near-field microscope was used. Using the phase-sensitive and time resolved information on the flow of light, the dispersion relation could be recovered, proving that light may slow down in photonic crystal waveguides. The degree to which light slows down is limited to the quality of the photonic crystal structure and can be controlled down to velocities of c/30. The time-resolved investigation also show the strong dispersive effects of photonic crystal waveguides and even the evolution of light pulses in composite photonic crystal devices.

AB - Optical structures with dimensions down to nanometer length scales have been a topic for investigation for an increasing number of researchers, due to their intriguing physical properties and their possible new optical applications. In this thesis, waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals are investigated. Since the waveguide is embedded in a periodic medium, these waveguide can also have spectacular properties such as the ability to slow down light. For a full understanding of the intricate interaction of light and geometry - that may change on the subwavelength scale - the optical field should also be monitored on this scale. To this end, a time-resolving phase-sensitive near-field microscope was used. Using the phase-sensitive and time resolved information on the flow of light, the dispersion relation could be recovered, proving that light may slow down in photonic crystal waveguides. The degree to which light slows down is limited to the quality of the photonic crystal structure and can be controlled down to velocities of c/30. The time-resolved investigation also show the strong dispersive effects of photonic crystal waveguides and even the evolution of light pulses in composite photonic crystal devices.

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SN - 978-90-77209-23-3

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CY - Enschede

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Engelen RJP. Ultrafast investigations of slow light in photonic crystal structures. Enschede: University of Twente, 2008. 119 p.