Ultrasensitive DNA detection based on two-step quantitative amplification on magnetic nanoparticles

Mingliang Jin, Xia Liu, Albert van den Berg, Guofu Zhou, Lingling Shui

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    Sensitive detection of a specific deoxyribo nucleic acid (DNA) sequence is important for biomedical applications. In this report, a two-step amplification strategy is developed based on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) to achieve ultrasensitive DNA fluorescence detection. The first level amplification is obtained from multiple binding sites on MNPs to achieve thousands of probe DNA molecules on one nanoparticle surface. The second level amplification is gained by enzymatic reaction to achieve fluorescence signal enhancement. MNPs functionalized by probe DNA (DNAp) are bound to target DNA (t-DNA) molecules with a ratio of 1:1 on a substrate with capture DNA (DNAc). After the MNPs with DNAp are released from the substrate, alkaline phosphatase (AP) is labelled to MNPs via hybridization reaction between DNAp on MNPs and detection DNAs (DNAd) with AP. The AP on MNPs catalyses non-fluorescent 4-methylumbelliferyl phosphate (4-MUP) to fluorescent 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU) with high intensity. Finally, fluorescence intensity of the 4-MU is detected by a conventional fluorescence spectrophotometer. With this two-step amplification strategy, the limit of detection (LOD) of 2.8 x 10(-18) mol l(-1) for t-DNA has been achieved.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)335102
    Issue number33
    Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2016


    • magnetic nanoparticle
    • ultrasensitive detection
    • quantitative amplification
    • IR-101817
    • DNA hybridyzation
    • Enzymatic reaction
    • METIS-318563
    • EWI-27330

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