Ultrasound Particle Image Velocimetry to Investigate Potential Hemodynamic Causes of Limb Thrombosis After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair With the Anaconda Device

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose: To identify potential hemodynamic predictors for limb thrombosis (LT) following endovascular aneurysm repair with the Anaconda endograft in a patient-specific phantom. Materials and Methods: A thin-walled flow phantom, based on a patient’s aortic anatomy and treated with an Anaconda endograft, that presented with a left-sided LT was fabricated. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound particle image velocimetry was performed to quantify time-resolved velocity fields. Measurements were performed in the same phantom with and without the Anaconda endograft, to investigate the impact of the endograft on the local flow fields. Hemodynamic parameters, namely vector complexity (VC) and residence time (RT), were calculated for both iliac arteries. Results: In both limbs, the vector fields were mostly unidirectional during the peak systolic and end-systolic velocity phases before and after endograft placement. Local vortical structures and complex flow fields were observed at the diastolic and transitional flow phases. The average VC was higher (0.11) in the phantom with endograft, compared to the phantom without endograft (0.05). Notably, in both left and right iliac arteries, the anterior wall regions corresponded to a 2- and 4-fold increase in VC in the phantom with endograft, respectively. RT simulations showed values of 1.3 to 6 seconds in the phantom without endograft. A higher RT (up to 25 seconds) was observed in the phantom with endograft, in which the left iliac artery, with LT in follow-up, showed 2 fluid stasis regions. Conclusion: This in vitro study shows that unfavorable hemodynamics were present mostly in the limb that thrombosed during follow-up, with the highest VC and longest RT. These parameters might be valuable in predicting the occurrence of LT in the future. Clinical Impact: This in-vitro study aimed to identify potential hemodynamic predictors for limb thrombosis following EVAR using ultrasound particle image velocimetry (echoPIV) technique. It was shown that unfavorable hemodynamic norms were present mostly in the thrombosed limb. Owing to the in-vivo feasibility of the echoPIV, future efforts should focus on the evaluation of these hemodynamic norms in clinical trials. Thereafter, using echoPIV as a bedside technique in hospitals becomes more promising. Performing echoPIV in pre-op phase may provide valuable insights for surgeons to enhance treatment planning. EchoPIV is also applicable for follow-up sessions to evaluate treatment progress and avoid/predict complications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 27 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ultrasound Particle Image Velocimetry to Investigate Potential Hemodynamic Causes of Limb Thrombosis After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair With the Anaconda Device'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this