Underwater Acoustic Wireless Sensor Networks: Advances and Future Trends in Physical, MAC and Routing Layers

S. Climent, A. Sanchez, J.V. Capella, Nirvana Meratnia, J.J. Serrano

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    176 Citations (Scopus)


    This survey aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current research on underwater wireless sensor networks, focusing on the lower layers of the communication stack, and envisions future trends and challenges. It analyzes the current state-of-the-art on the physical, medium access control and routing layers. It summarizes their security threads and surveys the currently proposed studies. Current envisioned niches for further advances in underwater networks research range from efficient, low-power algorithms and modulations to intelligent, energy-aware routing and medium access control protocols.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)795-833
    Number of pages39
    JournalSensors (Switzerland)
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2014


    • EWI-24320
    • IR-89324
    • METIS-303994

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