Vegetation radiative transfer models (RTMs) are important tools to understand biosphere-atmosphere interactions. The four-stream theory has been successfully applied to solve the radiative transfer problems in homogeneous canopies for both incident solar radiation, thermal and fluorescence emission since 1984. In this note, we describe the development of a unified radiative transfer theory for optical scattering, thermal and fluorescence emission in multi-layer vegetation canopy, and provide a detailed mathematical derivation for the fluxes inside and leaving the canopy. This theory can be used to develop vegetation models for remote sensing applications and plant physiological processes, such as photosynthesis and transpiration. It can also be used to solve the radiative transfer problems in soil-water, soil-water-atmosphere, or soil-vegetation-atmosphere ensembles, besides the soil-vegetation system presented in the note.
- Four stream
- Radiative transfer