Universal Fermi-Level Pinning in Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides

Kai Sotthewes, Rik Van Bremen, Edwin Dollekamp, Tim Boulogne, Krystian Nowakowski, Daan Kas, Harold J.W. Zandvliet, Pantelis Bampoulis

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Abstract

Understanding the electron transport through transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMDC)-based semiconductor/metal junctions is vital for the realization of future TMDC-based (opto-)electronic devices. Despite the bonding in TMDCs being largely constrained within the layers, strong Fermi-level pinning (FLP) was observed in TMDC-based devices, reducing the tunability of the Schottky barrier height. We present evidence that metal-induced gap states (MIGS) are the origin for the large FLP similar to conventional semiconductors. A variety of TMDCs (MoSe 2 , WSe 2 , WS 2 , and MoTe 2 ) were investigated using high-spatial-resolution surface characterization techniques, permitting us to distinguish between defected and pristine regions. The Schottky barrier heights on the pristine regions can be explained by MIGS, inducing partial FLP. The FLP strength is further enhanced by disorder-induced gap states induced by transition-metal vacancies or substitutionals at the defected regions. Our findings emphasize the importance of defects on the electron transport properties in TMDC-based devices and confirm the origin of FLP in TMDC-based metal/semiconductor junctions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5411-5420
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of physical chemistry C
Volume123
Issue number9
Early online date14 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Fermi level
Transition metals
transition metals
Metals
metals
Semiconductor junctions
Semiconductor materials
Electron transport properties
semiconductor junctions
optoelectronic devices
Optoelectronic devices
Vacancies
electrons
spatial resolution
transport properties
disorders
Defects
high resolution
defects

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D

Cite this

Sotthewes, Kai ; Van Bremen, Rik ; Dollekamp, Edwin ; Boulogne, Tim ; Nowakowski, Krystian ; Kas, Daan ; Zandvliet, Harold J.W. ; Bampoulis, Pantelis. / Universal Fermi-Level Pinning in Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides. In: Journal of physical chemistry C. 2019 ; Vol. 123, No. 9. pp. 5411-5420.
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Universal Fermi-Level Pinning in Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides. / Sotthewes, Kai; Van Bremen, Rik; Dollekamp, Edwin; Boulogne, Tim; Nowakowski, Krystian; Kas, Daan; Zandvliet, Harold J.W.; Bampoulis, Pantelis.

In: Journal of physical chemistry C, Vol. 123, No. 9, 07.03.2019, p. 5411-5420.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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