Unlocking medical leadership's potential: A multilevel virtuous circle?

Wouter Keijser*, Graeme Martin

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)
    59 Downloads (Pure)


    Background and aim: Medical leadership (ML) has been introduced in many countries, promising to support healthcare services improvement and help further system reform through effective leadership behaviours. Despite some evidence of its success, such lofty promises remain unfulfilled.

    Method: Couched in extant international literature, this paper provides a conceptual framework to analyse ML's potential in the context of healthcare's complex, multifaceted setting.

    Results: We identify four interrelated levels of analysis, or domains, that influence ML's potential to transform healthcare delivery. These are the healthcare ecosystem domain, the professional domain, the organisational domain and the individual doctor domain. We discuss the tensions between the various actors working in and across these domains and argue that greater multilevel and multistakeholder collaborative working in healthcare is necessary to reprofessionalise and transform healthcare ecosystems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6-11
    Number of pages6
    JournalBMJ Leader
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


    • effectiveness
    • health system
    • learning organisation
    • medical leadership
    • professionalism


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