Unsteady linearisation of bed shear stress for idealised storm surge modelling

Pieter C. Roos*, Giordano Lipari, Chris Pitzalis, Koen R.G. Reef, Gerhardus H.P. Campmans, Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher

*Corresponding author for this work

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The modelling of time-varying shallow flows, such as tides and storm surges, is complicated by the nonlinear dependency of bed shear stress on flow speed. For tidal flows, Lorentz’s linearisation circumvents nonlinearity by specifying a (steady) friction coefficient r based on a tide-averaged criterion of energy equivalence. However, this approach is not suitable for phenomena with episodic and irregular forcings such as storm surges

Here, we studied the implications of applying Lorentz’s energy criterion in an instantaneous sense, so that an unsteady friction coefficient r(t) adjusts to the temporal development of natural wind-driven flows. This new bed-stress parametrisation was implemented in an idealised model of a single channel, forced by time-varying signals of wind stress (acting over the entire domain) and surface elevation (at the channel mouth). The solution method combines analytical solutions of the cross-sectionally averaged linearised shallow-water equations, obtained in the frequency domain, with an iterative procedure to determine r(t)

Model results, compared with a reference finite-difference solution retaining the quadratic bed shear stress, show that this new approach accurately captures the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the surge dynamics (height and timing of surge peaks, sloshing, friction-induced tide-surge interaction) for both synthetic and realistic wind forcings
Original languageEnglish
Article number1160
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of marine science and engineering
Issue number11
Early online date21 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


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