Unsupervised learning of wildlife behaviour for activity-driven opportunistic beacon networks

Fatjon Seraj, Eyuel Ayele, Nirvana Meratnia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


Monitoring wild animals in their natural habitat and in real time constitutes an essential aspect of biological and environmental studies. Monitoring is mainly conducted through wireless wildlife monitoring systems (WMS) due to their energy-efficiency and scalability properties. However, using WMS often involves the deployment of energy demanding wireless radio technologies and protocols that significantly increase energy consumption while tracking mobile animals. Thanks to the raise of IoT devices capable of sensing, computing, and wireless networking, WMS can become more efficient and overcome the initial drawbacks. This paper, describes an activity driven beaconing mechanism based on unsupervised activity classification scheme. The algorithm is evaluated for different parameters involving the sampling rate, processing window as well as different cluster sizes. The evaluation shows that use of lightweight algorithms and low sampling rates provides the possibility to reliably monitor the activity of the animal. The evaluation results showed that the proposed mechanism could reduce energy consumption by increasing communication sleep-time while the objects were stationary.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 13th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST)
Place of PublicationSydney, Australia
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-4807-6
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-4808-3
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2020
Event13th International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST 2019 - Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia
Duration: 2 Dec 20194 Dec 2019
Conference number: 13

Publication series

NameProceedings International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST)
ISSN (Print)2156-8065
ISSN (Electronic)2156-8073


Conference13th International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST 2019
Abbreviated titleICST 2019
Internet address


  • BLE
  • IoT
  • Self organizing maps
  • Sensor data
  • Unsupervised learning
  • Wildlife monitoring
  • 22/2 OA procedure


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