Unveiling Hidden Dynamics: Speed Measurements of Classically Forbidden Motion

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For nearly a century, quantum tunneling has been a subject of sustained scientific interest. In a prior investigation [1], we introduced an unconventional method to explore evanescent phenomena at step potentials by examining particle motion within a system of coupled waveguides. In this system, the transfer of particles between waveguides serves as a clock, facilitating the determination of particle speeds even in classically forbidden regions. We implement this idea for photons in optical microcavity, which has full experimental access to the wave function. Using a novel nanostructuring method [2], we can guide photons in diverse potential landscapes, specifically within a coupled waveguiding structure. We measure particle speeds both in classically allowed and forbidden regions. Notably, our measurements show that classically forbidden regions speed up the motion of photons. Furthermore, our observations emphasize the significance of density gradients in wave functions for the motion of particles. We hope, these outcomes will provide valuable insights into the intricate dynamics of quantum tunneling phenomena, in particular make useful contribution to the tunneling time debate. Moreover, our findings can be viewed as a test of Bohmian trajectories in quantum mechanics.

[1] Klaers, J., Sharoglazova, V., & Toebes, C. (2023). Physical Review A, 107(5), 052201.
[2] Vretenar, M., Puplauskis, M., Klaers, J.. Adv. Optical Mater. 2023, 2202820.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2024
EventCondensates of Light 2024: WE-Heraeus-Seminar - the Physikzentrum Bad Honnef, Bad Honnef, Germany
Duration: 12 May 202416 May 2024


SeminarCondensates of Light 2024
CityBad Honnef
Internet address


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