Urban form, shrinking cities, and residential carbon emissions: Evidence from Chinese city-regions

Xingjian Liu, Mingshu Wang*, Wei Qiang, Kang Wu, Xiaomi Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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This paper analyzes the relationship between urban form, shrinking cities, and residential carbon emissions, based on information collected for prefectural-level and above Chinese cities for the years of 2005, 2010, and 2015. After controlling for a number of urban form and socioeconomic variables (e.g., size, compactness, and polycentricity), this paper pays attention to residential carbon emissions in ‘shrinking cities’, which have experienced population loss and are a recent urban phenomenon in China. Everything else being equal, shrinking cities tend to be associated with less energy efficient than their growing counterparts, suggesting that these cities may not only be ‘battling’ with shrinking populations and economies but also need to consider the environmental issues.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114409
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalApplied energy
Early online date7 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020



  • Chinese cities
  • Residential carbon emissions
  • Shrinking cities
  • Urban form
  • UT-Hybrid-D

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