Urban Land Governance: “Action Space”, Legitimacy of and Intervention Strategies for Urban Informal Settlements in Nepal

Reshma Shrestha, A. Tuladhar, J.A. Zevenbergen, M. Banskota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

At the global level, the informal settlements are in a dichotomy of legal and illegal debates. This paper analyzes the issue of informal settlements from the legitimacy perspective. It reveals that, although the settlements are not in legal legitimacy, there is tendency of social legitimacy. The challenges of urban land governance are in how to minimize the gap between legal legitimacy and social legitimacy. Firstly, this paper explores on how the actions of government and non-government organizations contribute towards legitimacy. To achieve this aim, the analytical framework of “action space” is applied. Secondly, it focuses on identifying intervention strategies that narrow the gap between legal legitimacy and social legitimacy. We studied two cases of informal settlements: the first is
to explore the gap and the second is to explain the intervention strategies. The results show, that due to lack of “action space” of government actors towards legal legitimacy, the civil society actors created their own “action space” which ultimately triggered social legitimacy. In addition to civil society, the actions of local authorities are found to contribute towards social legitimacy as well. To narrow the gap, the identified intervention strategies are discussed within the scope of land policy, land tenure security and land development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-50
Number of pages16
JournalNordic journal of surveying and real estate research
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • METIS-321265

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