Use of the left radial artery as vascular access for coronary angiography and as a bypass conduit: A clinical dilemma?

Eline H. Ploumen, Frank R. Halfwerk, Rachèl van der Kolk, Jan G. Grandjean, Clemens von Birgelen*, Janine A. van Til

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose: International coronary revascularization guidelines recommend both, transradial vascular access for coronary angiography/intervention and use of the radial artery as a conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). These recommendations may pose a clinical dilemma, as transradial access exposes these arteries to vascular trauma which makes them potentially unsuitable as future grafts. In this study, we investigated the awareness and views of cardiologists on these guideline recommendations.

Methods: We performed semi-structured interviews with 50 cardiologists from 19 centers, who regularly perform coronary angiographies or interventions, and outlined clinical scenarios to evaluate their preference of vascular access. In addition, we assessed whether preference was related to sub-specialization.

Results: The interviewed cardiologists had 16 ± 9.3 years of professional experience. There were 23 (46%) cardiologists from 7 centers without percutaneous coronary intervention facilities, and 27 (56%) cardiologists from 12 interventional centers. All 50 (100%) cardiologists indicated familiarity with the guidelines, yet 28 (56%) said not to be familiar with the aforementioned dilemma, and 9 (18%) stated there was no dilemma at all. Responses did not differ significantly between interventional (n = 28) and non-interventional (n = 22) cardiologists; however, if the right radial artery was unavailable (e.g., occluded), interventional cardiologists more often said to prefer access via the left radial artery (18/28 (64%) vs. 5/22 (23%), p = 0.001).

Conclusion: More than half of the interviewed cardiologists indicated that they had not realized that left transradial access preceding CABG may preclude later use of this artery as a conduit. Notably, in case of unavailability of the right radial artery, interventional cardiologists preferred left transradial access more often than non-interventional cardiologists.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalCardiovascular Revascularization Medicine
Early online date16 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 16 Jan 2021

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