Using the students’ levels of preparation and confidence as feedback information in quiz-based learning activities

Pantelis M. Papadopoulos, Antonis Natsis*, Nikolaus Obwegeser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This paper examines ways to enrich the feedback information students receive in closed-type quiz activities that include a revision phase (i.e., students are allowed to change their initial answers after they receive information from their peers, teacher, or system). Typically, in such activities, the information students receive is based on the percentage of students under each possible question choice. The conducted study analyzes the potential of two additional variables, namely the students’ level of preparation and confidence. Both variables are self-reported and, therefore, subjective. During the Fall semester 2016, 91 sophomore students enrolled in an Information Systems course participated in the study for five weeks. The activity was taking place during the first 20 min of each class. Students had to go through three phases and (a) answer a multiple-choice quiz with 8 questions and 4 options for each question, (b) receive feedback based on the whole classroom population, and (c) see the correct answer and discuss them with the teacher in the lecture that follows. The students were randomly grouped into four conditions, based on the feedback they received. The control group only received information on the percentage of students that selected each choice, the Confidence group received feedback on the percentage and the average level of confidence of students that selected each choice, the Preparation group received feedback on the percentage and the average level of preparation of students that selected each choice, and finally the Both group received feedback on the percentage and both the average level of confidence and preparation of students that selected each choice. Result analysis showed that in the most challenging questions (i.e., the ones where students’ answers were diverging) the students in the Confidence, Preparation, and Both groups significantly outperformed the students in the Control group. In addition, both confidence and preparation variables were significantly correlated to students’ performance during the initial phase, suggesting that students were accurate and sincere in describing their preparation and confidence levels. This paper is an extended version of [1], presented at the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputers Supported Education - 9th International Conference, CSEDU 2017, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsGennaro Costagliola, Susan Zvacek, James Uhomoibhi, Paula Escudeiro, Bruce M. McLaren
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages97-115
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783319946399
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education, CSEDU 2017 - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 21 Apr 201723 Apr 2017
Conference number: 9
http://www.csedu.org/?y=2017

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume865
ISSN (Print)1865-0929

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education, CSEDU 2017
Abbreviated titleCSEDU 2017
CountryPortugal
CityPorto
Period21/04/1723/04/17
Internet address

Keywords

  • Confidence
  • Feedback
  • Formative assessment
  • Group awareness
  • Preparation
  • Quiz

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