Valence electronic states related to Mn2+ at La0.7 Sr0.3 MnO3 surfaces characterized by resonant photoemission

M. P. De Jong*, I. Bergenti, W. Osikowicz, R. Friedlein, V. A. Dediu, C. Taliani, W. R. Salaneck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Nonferromagnetic Mn2+ ions can be readily formed at the surface of half metallic La0.7 Sr0.3 MnO3 manganite as demonstrated by deoxygenating surface treatments. The 3 d5 contribution of these Mn2+ ions to the valence-band electronic structure has been characterized using Mn(2p) to 3d resonant photoemission measurements. The Mn2+ related 3d electrons were found to be stabilized by about 2 eV with respect to the mixed-valence 3d states, indicating their strong localization. Active participation of Mn2+ states in both spin and charge conductivity processes is therefore excluded. A two-channel picture, including independent Mn3+ Mn4+ and Mn2+ channels, emerges from detailed data analysis. Reversible Mn2+ formation and straightforward oxygen annealing effects point to a direct bonding between Mn2+ and oxygen vacancies that are most probably created at preexisting structural defects. The t2g and eg states of the mixed valence Mn3+ Mn4+ ions remain unaffected as the Mn2+ content increases, indicating a robust Mn3+ Mn4+ channel independent of structural defects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052403
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


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