Validation of Central Pressure Estimation in Patients with an Aortic Aneurysm Before and After Endovascular Repair

S. Holewijn*, J. J.M. Vermeulen, M. van Helvert, L. van de Velde, M. M.P.J. Reijnen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate if non-invasive central pressure estimations are accurate in patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm, before and after endovascular repair. Secondary evaluation was if measurement-accuracy was dependent on anatomical characteristics. Methods: Procedural invasive and non-invasive pressure-measurements were performed simultaneously both before and after endovascular repair in 20 patients with an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Invasive catheter measurements were performed in the abdominal aorta. A tonometric device was used to perform non-invasive pressure–wave-analysis at the radial artery. A generalized transfer-function was used to generate an ascending aortic waveform for both measurements, allowing for direct comparison. Results: Pre-treatment the mean differences between methods were − 5.5 mmHg (p = .904), − 11.8 (p < .001), and − 7.2 mmHg (p = .124) for central systolic, diastolic, and mean pressure, respectively. The accuracy was dependent of aneurysm sac volume and intraluminal thrombus volume. Post-treatment limits of agreement were smaller for all pressure parameters compared to pre-treatment. The mean differences were 6.5 mmHg (p = .007), − 6.4 (p < .020), and 1.6 mmHg (p = .370) for central systolic, diastolic, and mean pressure, respectively. Conclusion: In untreated AAA’s the accuracy of non-invasive central pressure estimation was acceptable (mean difference between 5 and 10 mmHg) when compared to invasive pressures, but dependent of AAA characteristics. After EVAR the accuracy of central pressure estimation improved (reduction of 75% of the mean difference between pre and post measurements) Trial Registration Number: NCT03469388; 3-5-2018.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-278
JournalCardiovascular engineering and technology
Early online date28 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Augmentation index
  • Central blood pressure
  • Endovascular aneurysm repair
  • Pressure wave analysis
  • Subendocardial viability ratio
  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • 22/2 OA procedure

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