Validation of EHL contact predictions under time varying load

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In this paper, it is investigated how accurately current models predict the response of an elasto-hydrodynamic lubrication contact to time varying load conditions. For two patterns of time varying load, under conditions of pure rolling, the results obtained experimentally on a ball on disk interferometry apparatus by Sakamoto et al. (Behaviour of point contact EHL filmsunder pulsating loads. Proceedings of the 30th Leeds–Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Elseviers Tribology Series, in press) are compared with the results of numerical simulations using the dynamic contact model of Wijnant (Contact dynamics in the field of elastohydrodynamic lubrication. PhD Thesis, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, 1998 ISBN 90-36512239), Wijnant and Venner (Contact dynamics in starved elastohydrodynamic lubrication. Proceedings of the 25th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Elsevier Tribology Series, Vol. 36, pp. 705–716.) The observed film changes are explained and related to the piezoviscous behaviour of the lubricant. Results for two different viscosity pressure relations are presented. It is shown that the details of the viscosity pressure relation have little effect on the local phenomena observed. The agreement between experimental and theoretical results is excellent in terms of the location and width of induced film thickness changes. The accuracy of the amplitude of the predicted changes is less. A more accurate amplitude prediction requires more precise knowledge of the dynamic parameters, which describe the load system used in the experiments.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)249-261
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part J: Journal of engineering tribology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • Validation
  • Elasto-hydrodynamic lubrication
  • IR-58792
  • METIS-227647
  • contact dynamics

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