Value of electroencephalography for prognosis and treatment of comatose patients after circulatory arrest

J. Hofmeijer*, M. J.A.M. van Putten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

All comatose patients after circulatory arrest initially have a severely abnormal disturbed electroencephalogram. The speed of normalisation is a robust contributor to prediction of outcome. Differences between patients with poor and good outcome are largest <24 hours after the arrest. Lasting suppression at ≥12 hours or synchronised patterns with >50% suppression at ≥24 hours are invariably associated with poor outcome. This includes burst suppression with identical bursts and generalised periodic discharges on a suppressed background. Recovery towards continuous patterns within 12 hours is strongly associated with a good outcome. Predictive values are highest at <24 hours despite the use of mild therapeutic hypothermia or sedative medication. Additional value of electroencephalography reactivity for the prediction of poor outcome is negligible. Computer-assisted analysis is equally reliable and may facilitate the use of the electroencephalogram at the bedside on intensive care units. Whether or not treatment of electrographic status epilepticus improves outcome is being studied in the Dutch multicentre randomised TELSTAR trial (NCT02056236).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-13
Number of pages8
JournalNetherlands journal of critical care
Volume29
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Electrographic status epilepticus
  • Outcome prediction
  • Postanoxic coma
  • Postanoxic encephalopathy

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