Value of Extended Arrhythmia Screening in Adult Congenital Heart Disease Patients

Maarten Antonius Koole, Sanne de Jong, Barbara J Mulder, Berto Jorrit Bouma, Mark Schuuring*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


The European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the management of adult congenital heart disease patients recommend screening for arrhythmias and bradycardias in symptomatic patients, often being done by means of an ambulatory 24–48-hour Holter or implantable loop recorder (ILR). However, nowadays non-invasive instruments, such as patches, smartwatches and smartphones based on single-lead ECGs that perform extended monitoring, are also available. The aim of this narrative review was to assess whether these instruments, when they detect arrhythmias and bradycardias in patients with adult congenital heart disease, will lead to meaningful changes in clinical care. Clinically meaningful changes include adjustment of medication, cardioversion, electrophysiology study, ablation or implantation of a cardiovascular implantable electronic device. The following monitoring instruments are discussed: cumulative Holter, 2-week continuous monitor, smartwatch- and smartphone-based single-lead ECG, and ILR. The diagnostic yield of extended rhythm monitoring is high, and varies between 18% (smartphone-based single-lead ECG) and 41% with ILR. In conclusion, contemporary arrhythmia screening includes various new non-invasive technologies that are promising new tools as an alternative to Holter monitoring or ILR. However, the optimal mode of detection is still unclear due to the lack of head-to-head comparisons.</jats:p>
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere07
Number of pages7
JournalArrhythmia and Electrophysiology Review
Early online date8 Apr 2024
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac arrhythmia
  • congenital heart defects
  • telemedicine
  • cardiac devices
  • cardiology
  • diagnosis


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