Hidden Conditional Random Fields (HCRFs) are discriminative latent variable models which have been shown to successfully learn the hidden structure of a given classification problem. An infinite HCRF is an HCRF with a countably infinite number of hidden states, which rids us not only of the necessity to specify a priori a fixed number of hidden states available but also of the problem of overfitting. Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling algorithms are often employed for inference in such models. However, convergence of such algorithms is rather difficult to verify, and as the complexity of the task at hand increases, the computational cost of such algorithms often becomes prohibitive. These limitations can be overcome by variational techniques. In this paper, we present a generalized framework for infinite HCRF models, and a novel variational inference approach on a model based on coupled Dirichlet Process Mixtures, the HCRF–DPM. We show that the variational HCRF–DPM is able to converge to a correct number of represented hidden states, and performs as well as the best parametric HCRFs —chosen via cross–validation— for the difficult tasks of recognizing instances of agreement, disagreement, and pain in audiovisual sequences.
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science|
|Conference||European Conference Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases, ECML PKDD 2013|
|Period||23/09/13 → 27/09/13|
|Other||23-27 September 2013|
- HMI-HF: Human Factors