Vibro-acoustical instabilities induced by combustion dynamics in gas turbine combustors

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

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Abstract

The lean premixed combustion suffers from a high sensitivity to thermo-acoustic instabilities which may occur in acombustion chamber of a gas turbine. The high level of acoustic excitation is hazardous to the combustion chamber walls(liner). The situation is even worse when mutual interaction between thermo-acoustic instabilities and liner vibration ispresent; then both processes may enhance each other. This behaviour reduces the life time of the gas turbine significantly.Therefore, the possibilities of thermo-acoustic instabilities to appear and their interaction with vibrating walls must bepredicted in advance to avoid combustion system destruction.This multi-phenomena interaction is presented and studied in this thesis. The experimental and numerical techniques areemployed to investigate the interaction between coupled fields. The experimental part of the study is done on the laboratoryscale combustion test rig, which mimics the combustion conditions as encountered in the full scale gas turbine. Experimentsare performed at operating conditions, which differ with respect to power and absolute pressure, using two different linerconfigurations. The obtained results are used for validation of the numerical models.In the fluid-structure interaction analysis (FSI), the thermo-acoustic instabilities are correlated with walls vibration usingpartitioning approach. Here, two numerical solvers applying CFD (Ansys-CFX) and FEM (Ansys-Multiphysics) areemployed to calculate phenomena occurring in the fluid and structural domain, respectively. These solvers exchangeinformation about mechanical loads and structural displacement every time step through the interface connection createdbetween them. Both one-way and two-way data transfer is studied.For the acousto-elastic analysis (AE) a hybrid approach is used. First the combustible flow is calculated by CFD and latter apressure data from the near-flame region is transferred to FEM code as the input conditions. This solution allows solvingacoustics inside the combustion chamber more precise than the FSI model, but in costs of only one-way interaction betweenpressure waves and flame. Additionally, a modal analysis of acoustic, structural and coupled modes is performed.The results of the numerical investigations have shown a good agreement with experimental data. Both models were able topredict correctly the frequencies of thermo-acoustic instabilities and liner vibration.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van der Meer, Theodorus Hendrikus, Supervisor
  • Kok, Jacobus B.W., Co-Supervisor
Award date3 Dec 2010
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-3126-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2010

Fingerprint

Combustors
Gas turbines
Acoustics
Vibrations (mechanical)
Fluid structure interaction
Combustion chambers
Computational fluid dynamics
Finite element method
Modal analysis
Data transfer
Numerical models
Fluids
Costs

Keywords

  • METIS-272160
  • IR-74768

Cite this

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title = "Vibro-acoustical instabilities induced by combustion dynamics in gas turbine combustors",
abstract = "The lean premixed combustion suffers from a high sensitivity to thermo-acoustic instabilities which may occur in acombustion chamber of a gas turbine. The high level of acoustic excitation is hazardous to the combustion chamber walls(liner). The situation is even worse when mutual interaction between thermo-acoustic instabilities and liner vibration ispresent; then both processes may enhance each other. This behaviour reduces the life time of the gas turbine significantly.Therefore, the possibilities of thermo-acoustic instabilities to appear and their interaction with vibrating walls must bepredicted in advance to avoid combustion system destruction.This multi-phenomena interaction is presented and studied in this thesis. The experimental and numerical techniques areemployed to investigate the interaction between coupled fields. The experimental part of the study is done on the laboratoryscale combustion test rig, which mimics the combustion conditions as encountered in the full scale gas turbine. Experimentsare performed at operating conditions, which differ with respect to power and absolute pressure, using two different linerconfigurations. The obtained results are used for validation of the numerical models.In the fluid-structure interaction analysis (FSI), the thermo-acoustic instabilities are correlated with walls vibration usingpartitioning approach. Here, two numerical solvers applying CFD (Ansys-CFX) and FEM (Ansys-Multiphysics) areemployed to calculate phenomena occurring in the fluid and structural domain, respectively. These solvers exchangeinformation about mechanical loads and structural displacement every time step through the interface connection createdbetween them. Both one-way and two-way data transfer is studied.For the acousto-elastic analysis (AE) a hybrid approach is used. First the combustible flow is calculated by CFD and latter apressure data from the near-flame region is transferred to FEM code as the input conditions. This solution allows solvingacoustics inside the combustion chamber more precise than the FSI model, but in costs of only one-way interaction betweenpressure waves and flame. Additionally, a modal analysis of acoustic, structural and coupled modes is performed.The results of the numerical investigations have shown a good agreement with experimental data. Both models were able topredict correctly the frequencies of thermo-acoustic instabilities and liner vibration.",
keywords = "METIS-272160, IR-74768",
author = "Pozarlik, {Artur Krzysztof}",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
day = "3",
doi = "10.3990/1.9789036531269",
language = "English",
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Vibro-acoustical instabilities induced by combustion dynamics in gas turbine combustors. / Pozarlik, Artur Krzysztof.

Enschede : University of Twente, 2010. 188 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Vibro-acoustical instabilities induced by combustion dynamics in gas turbine combustors

AU - Pozarlik, Artur Krzysztof

PY - 2010/12/3

Y1 - 2010/12/3

N2 - The lean premixed combustion suffers from a high sensitivity to thermo-acoustic instabilities which may occur in acombustion chamber of a gas turbine. The high level of acoustic excitation is hazardous to the combustion chamber walls(liner). The situation is even worse when mutual interaction between thermo-acoustic instabilities and liner vibration ispresent; then both processes may enhance each other. This behaviour reduces the life time of the gas turbine significantly.Therefore, the possibilities of thermo-acoustic instabilities to appear and their interaction with vibrating walls must bepredicted in advance to avoid combustion system destruction.This multi-phenomena interaction is presented and studied in this thesis. The experimental and numerical techniques areemployed to investigate the interaction between coupled fields. The experimental part of the study is done on the laboratoryscale combustion test rig, which mimics the combustion conditions as encountered in the full scale gas turbine. Experimentsare performed at operating conditions, which differ with respect to power and absolute pressure, using two different linerconfigurations. The obtained results are used for validation of the numerical models.In the fluid-structure interaction analysis (FSI), the thermo-acoustic instabilities are correlated with walls vibration usingpartitioning approach. Here, two numerical solvers applying CFD (Ansys-CFX) and FEM (Ansys-Multiphysics) areemployed to calculate phenomena occurring in the fluid and structural domain, respectively. These solvers exchangeinformation about mechanical loads and structural displacement every time step through the interface connection createdbetween them. Both one-way and two-way data transfer is studied.For the acousto-elastic analysis (AE) a hybrid approach is used. First the combustible flow is calculated by CFD and latter apressure data from the near-flame region is transferred to FEM code as the input conditions. This solution allows solvingacoustics inside the combustion chamber more precise than the FSI model, but in costs of only one-way interaction betweenpressure waves and flame. Additionally, a modal analysis of acoustic, structural and coupled modes is performed.The results of the numerical investigations have shown a good agreement with experimental data. Both models were able topredict correctly the frequencies of thermo-acoustic instabilities and liner vibration.

AB - The lean premixed combustion suffers from a high sensitivity to thermo-acoustic instabilities which may occur in acombustion chamber of a gas turbine. The high level of acoustic excitation is hazardous to the combustion chamber walls(liner). The situation is even worse when mutual interaction between thermo-acoustic instabilities and liner vibration ispresent; then both processes may enhance each other. This behaviour reduces the life time of the gas turbine significantly.Therefore, the possibilities of thermo-acoustic instabilities to appear and their interaction with vibrating walls must bepredicted in advance to avoid combustion system destruction.This multi-phenomena interaction is presented and studied in this thesis. The experimental and numerical techniques areemployed to investigate the interaction between coupled fields. The experimental part of the study is done on the laboratoryscale combustion test rig, which mimics the combustion conditions as encountered in the full scale gas turbine. Experimentsare performed at operating conditions, which differ with respect to power and absolute pressure, using two different linerconfigurations. The obtained results are used for validation of the numerical models.In the fluid-structure interaction analysis (FSI), the thermo-acoustic instabilities are correlated with walls vibration usingpartitioning approach. Here, two numerical solvers applying CFD (Ansys-CFX) and FEM (Ansys-Multiphysics) areemployed to calculate phenomena occurring in the fluid and structural domain, respectively. These solvers exchangeinformation about mechanical loads and structural displacement every time step through the interface connection createdbetween them. Both one-way and two-way data transfer is studied.For the acousto-elastic analysis (AE) a hybrid approach is used. First the combustible flow is calculated by CFD and latter apressure data from the near-flame region is transferred to FEM code as the input conditions. This solution allows solvingacoustics inside the combustion chamber more precise than the FSI model, but in costs of only one-way interaction betweenpressure waves and flame. Additionally, a modal analysis of acoustic, structural and coupled modes is performed.The results of the numerical investigations have shown a good agreement with experimental data. Both models were able topredict correctly the frequencies of thermo-acoustic instabilities and liner vibration.

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KW - IR-74768

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M3 - PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

SN - 978-90-365-3126-9

PB - University of Twente

CY - Enschede

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