Vinylimidazole-Based Asymmetric Ion Pair Comonomers: Synthesis, Polymerization Studies and Formation of Ionically Crosslinked PMMA

S. Jana, V.A. Vasantha, L.P. Stubbs, A. Parthiban, Gyula J. Vancso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vinylimidazole-based asymmetric ion pair comonomers (IPCs) which are free from nonpolymerizable counter ions have been synthesized, characterized and polymerized by free radical polymerization (FRP), atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) mediated polymerizations in solution and by dispersion polymerization in water. The asymmetric nature of IPCs is due to the fact that cationic component of these IPCs is derived from vinylimidazole (VIm) and anionic component is derived from either styrenesulfonate (SS) or 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonate. Although under ATRP, conversions are either very low or negligible, FRP and RAFT produces polymers with high to moderate monomer conversions but with different solubility characteristics. This investigation provides insight to the polymerization behavior of each component of the asymmetric IPCs and also its effects on composition and solubility characteristics of the resulting polymers. The IPCs studied here are high temperature ionic liquid and thus the polymers synthesized from these IPCs are highly ionic in nature and possess very strong intermolecular interactions which makes some of these IPC based polymers completely insoluble in organic and aqueous solvents. This highly ionic interaction is exploited to synthesize ionically crosslinked PMMA. MMA on copolymerization with 5–6 mol % of IPC yielded copolymer which is insoluble in common organic solvents like THF, DMF, etc., unlike homo PMMA
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3260-3273
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of polymer science. Part A: Polymer chemistry
Volume51
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • IR-90058
  • METIS-299808

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